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Sanskrit language resources

Sanskrit is spoken on a daily basis in: India Sanskrit--> --> --> -->

Additional background on Sanskrit

The Sanskrit language (???????? sa?sk?tam, ???????? ???? sa?sk?ta vak) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 22 official languages of India.

It has a position in culture of India and Southeast Asia similar to that of Latin and Greek in Europe, and is a central part of Hindu tradition and Philosophy. It appears in pre-Classical form as the Chandas language (appearing in the Vedas) with the language of the Rigveda being the oldest and most archaic stage preserved. This fact and comparative studies in historical linguistics show that it is from one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family and descends from the same.

Today, Sanskrit is used as a ceremonial language in Hindu religious rituals in the forms of hymns and mantras. The vast literary tradition of Sanskrit in the form of the Hindu scriptures and the philosophical writings are also studied. The corpus of Sanskrit literature encompasses a rich tradition of poetry and literature, as well as scientific, technical, philosophical and religious texts.

The scope of this article is the Classical Sanskrit language as laid out in the grammar of Panini, around 500 BC.


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All data is derived from UNESCO.


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