Punjabi language resources
Punjabi is spoken on a daily basis in: India, Pakistan
Additional background on
Punjabi redirects here. For other uses, see Punjabi (disambiguation).
Punjabi (also Panjabi; ?????? Pa˝jabi in Gurmukhi, ?????? Panjabi in Shahmukhi) is the language of the Punjabi people and the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan.
It is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Iranian subfamily. Unusually for an Indo-European language, Punjabi is tonal; the tones arose as a reinterpretation of different consonant series in terms of pitch. In terms of morphological complexity, it is an agglutinative language (also very unusual for an Indo-European language, most of which are inflecting) and words are usually ordered 'Subject Object Verb'.
The Punjabi people suffered a split between India and Pakistan during the Partition of 1947. However, Punjabi language and culture tend to be uniting factors in spite of national and religious affiliations.
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All data is derived from UNESCO.