Kashubian language resources
Kashubian is spoken on a daily basis in: Poland
Additional background on
Kashubian or Cassubian (Kashubian: kaszëbsczi jãzëk, pòmòrsczi jãzëk, kaszëbskò-slowinskô mòwa; Polish: jezyk kaszubski, gwara kaszubska) is one of the Lechitic languages, which are a group of Slavic languages.
It is assumed that it evolved from the language spoken by some tribes of Pomeranians called Kashubians, in the region of Pomerania on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea between the Vistula and Oder rivers.
It is closely related to Slovincian, and both of them are Pomeranian language dialects. Although the Kashubian language can hardly be understood by Polish speakers, until recently, many Polish linguists considered it a dialect of Polish.
Similarly to Polish, Kashubian includes numerous loanwords from Low Saxon, such as kùnszt (art) from German Kunst. Other sources of loanwords include Baltic languages, Russian and Polish.
First printed documents in Kashubian originate from the end of 16th century. Modern spelling was first proposed in 1879.
In 2002 census, 53,000 people in Poland declared that they mainly use Kashubian at home. Research shows that many Kashubian-speaking parents use Polish rather than Kashubian at home, because they believe that if they spoke Kashubian, their children would find it more difficult to learn Polish. A number of schools in Poland teach in Kashubian as a lecture language and it is used as an official alternative language for local administration purposes in parts of Pomorze Voivodship. Kashubian is also spoken by Kashubians living in Canada.
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All data is derived from UNESCO.