World Languages: Languages index
   Most spoken
   By country
   North American
   South American
   The Canopy
   Forest Floor
   Forest Waters
   Indigenous People
   Saving Rainforests
   Country Profiles
   Works Cited
 Deforestation Stats
 Site Map
 Mongabay Sites
   Animal Photos
   Travel Tips
   Tropical Fish

Estonian language resources

Estonian is spoken on a daily basis in: Estonia, Finland Estonian--> --> --> -->

Additional background on Estonian

Estonian (eesti keel (help·info); IPA: ['e?s.ti 'ke?l]) is the official language of Estonia, spoken by about 1.1 million people in Estonia and by some ten thousands in various émigré communities. It is a Finno-Ugric language and is closely related to Finnish and distantly to Hungarian. It has been influenced by German — initially Middle Low German, later also standard German, Russian, Swedish and Latvian, though it is not related to them genetically.

One distinctive feature that has caused a great amount of interest in linguists is that Estonian has what is traditionally seen as three degrees of phoneme length: short, long, and "overlong", such that IPA /toto/, /to?to/ and /to??to/ are distinct, as are /toto/, /tot?o/, and /tot??o/. In actuality, the distinction isn't purely in the phoneme length, and the underlying phonological mechanism is still disputed.

Another feature that sets Estonian apart from most languages is the vowel õ ([?]), a close-mid near-back unrounded vowel, which is farther back than the schwa ([?]), but fronter than [o].


What are the most spoken languages on earth?

All data is derived from UNESCO.


  • Most spoken
  • By country
  • People
  • African
  • Asian
  • North American
  • Pacific
  • South American

  • Mission
  • Introduction
  • Characteristics
  • Biodiversity
  • The Canopy
  • Forest Floor
  • Forest Waters
  • Indigenous People
  • Deforestation
  • Consequences
  • Saving Rainforests
  • Country Profiles
  • Works Cited
  • Deforestation Stats

    For kids
    Tropical fish

  • what's new | tropical fish | help support the site | search | about | contact

    Copyright Rhett Butler 2005-2013