Mongabay.com seeks to raise interest in and appreciation of wild lands and wildlife, while examining the impact of emerging trends in climate, technology, economics, and finance on conservation and development (more)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): Ush995.6 billion,
about US$4.9 billion in FY 1989; per capita income
about US$304. About 44 percent of GDP originates outside
Currency: Uganda shilling (USh). Ush510 = US$1,
official exchange rate, late 1990; parallel market rate
Government Budget: Ush169.26 billion in FY 1990,
including deficit of Ush57.91 billion.
Fiscal Year (FY): July 1 to June 30.
Agriculture: Agricultural activity in monetary
constituted about 26 percent of GDP and 95 percent of
revenues; in addition, agriculture accounted for over 90
of nonmonetary economic activity. Cash crops: coffee,
tea, tobacco. Food crops: plantains, cassava, sweet
millet, sorghum, corn, beans, groundnuts. Fishing
domestic consumption. Forest areas cover 7.5 million
being rapidly depleted despite attempts at regulation.
Energy: Electric generating plants at Owen Falls
Murchison (Kabalega) Falls; some oil in western Uganda.
Industry: Mostly processing of agricultural
production of textiles, wood and paper products, cement,
chemicals. Small part of GDP in late 1980s, with much
Mining: Formerly 9 percent of exports; output
late 1980s, except for construction materials such as sand
Tourism: Third largest source of foreign
destroyed by civil war and unrest during 1970s; slowly
in late 1980s.
Exports: Coffee, cotton, tea, tobacco. Coffee
export crop and foreign exchange earner.
Imports: Machinery, military equipment and
construction materials, oil, vehicles, medical supplies.
Major Trading Partners: Exports to United States
Western Europe; imports from Kenya, Britain, Germany,
Data as of December 1990