Mongabay.com seeks to raise interest in and appreciation of wild lands and wildlife, while examining the impact of emerging trends in climate, technology, economics, and finance on conservation and development (more)
Population: In 1990, 16.9 million (government
estimate); annual growth rate more than 3.2 percent,
tempered by impact of acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Nearly one-half population under age fifteen. Nearly 10
urban, almost half in Kampala. Density varies from more
inhabitants per square kilometer in far southeast and
to fewer than 30 inhabitants per square kilometer in
Languages: Three major language families found
Uganda--Bantu, Central Sudanic, and Nilotic. Lake Kyoga
boundary between Bantu-speakers in south and Nilotic- and
Sudanic-speakers of north. Official language: English.
and Arabic also widely spoken.
Religion: 66 percent Christian, equally divided
Roman Catholics and Protestants; largest Protestant
Anglican (Episcopal). About 15 percent Muslim. Remainder
traditional or no religion.
Education: Education not compulsory but highly
regarded. Four levels: primary of seven years; lower
three or four years; upper secondary of two years; and
postsecondary consisting of university, teachers'
commercial training. Pupils share expenses with central
government on primary and lower secondary levels;
education free. 1989 primary enrollment more than 2.5
secondary, 265,000. Adult literacy rate 50 percent or
Health: Large number of infectious diseases,
measles, pertussis, respiratory tract infections, anemia,
tetanus, malaria, and tuberculosis. Incidence of AIDS
reaching epidemic proportions in southern areas. Uganda
20,000 hospital beds, more than 600 health centers, and
doctors in late 1980s. Low expenditures on health care and
facilities. Life expectancy in 1989 about fifty-three
Data as of December 1990