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Patterns in criminal behavior and arrests have often
reflected Uganda's economic and political setting. During
colonial period, most arrests were for murder, rape,
and, on occasion, treason. People were also imprisoned for
failing to pay taxes. After Uganda gained independence,
crime patterns slowly shifted to involve more violent
Attacks by bands of armed robbers (kondos) became
in urban areas. Then in the 1970s, this pattern shifted to
emphasize political crimes. Many arrests and executions
recorded, and statistics were unavailable.
Uganda's parliament tried to stop the rise of organized
violent crime in 1968, amending the 1930 Penal Code to
the death penalty for those convicted of armed robbery.
Parliament also amended the criminal procedure code to
ex-convicts to carry identity cards and to present these
police stations at regular intervals. A few months later,
government passed the Public Order and Security Act,
the president, or a delegated minister, to detain
anyone whose actions were judged prejudicial to national
or security. After 1970 the government increased its
this act to detain political opponents.
Following the overthrow of the second Obote regime in
the government freed about 1,200 prisoners held under the
Order and Security Act. Some abuses still continued to be
reported in 1990, despite government promises to end abuse
police and prison officials and to respect individual
before the law.
Data as of December 1990