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Lakes, rivers, and swamps covered 44,000 square
about 20 percent of Uganda's land surface. Fishing was
an important rural industry. In all areas outside the
Lake Kyoga region, fish production increased throughout
1980s. The government supported several programs to
production and processing. In 1987 a government-sponsored
Integrated Fisheries Development Project established a
construction and repair workshop at Jinja, a processing
several fish collecting centers, and fish marketing
several areas of Uganda. They also implemented the use of
refrigerated insulated vehicles for transporting fish.
managed the reconstruction of cold storage facilities in
in the early 1980s. Soon after that, the government
the Sino-Uganda Fisheries Joint Venture Company to exploit
fishing opportunities in Lake Victoria.
Uganda's Freshwater Fisheries Research Organization
fishing conditions and the balance of flora and fauna in
lakes. In 1989 this organization warned against
especially in the Lake Kyoga region, where the combined
improved security conditions and economic hardship was a
percent increase in commercial and domestic fishing
second environmental concern in the fishing industry was
infestation that had arisen in lakes suffering from heavy
pollution. In late 1989, officials were relatively
in restricting the types and levels of pollutants
the nation's numerous lakes.
A few fishers used explosives obtained from stone
increase their catch, especially in the Victoria Nile
Jinja. Using byproducts from beer manufacturing to lure
a feeding area, they detonated small packs of explosives
killed large numbers of fish and other aquatic life.
people also drowned in the frantic effort to collect dead
that floated to the surface of the water. Environmental
health concerns led the government to outlaw this form of
fishing, and local officials were seeking ways to ban the
fish caught in this manner. Both bans were difficult to
however, and fishing with dynamite continued in 1989
widespread notoriety attached to this activity.
Data as of December 1990