Mongabay.com seeks to raise interest in and appreciation of wild lands and wildlife, while examining the impact of emerging trends in climate, technology, economics, and finance on conservation and development (more)
Inland Waterways: 397 kilometers of principal routes,
primarily on Hovsgol Nuur and Selenge Moron, navigable only 5
months of year.
Roads: In 1986 total highways 6,700 kilometers; 900
kilometers paved. Main roads linked Ulaanbaatar with Chinese and
Soviet frontiers at Erenhot and Kyakhta, respectively. Bus
services in Ulaanbaatar and other large towns; road haulage
services throughout country on basis of motor-transport depots,
mostly in aymag (provincial) centers.
Railroads: Diesel-drive rolling stock; 1,750 kilometers
of 1.524-meter broad-gauge track in 1986. In 1984 accounted for
more than 70 percent of total freight turnover.
Civil Aviation: Airfields totaled eighty, thirty
usable, ten with permanent-surface runways; largest at
Ulaanbaatar. National carrier: Mongolian Airlines (MIAT).
Domestic service to provincial-level and many county centers.
International service from Ulaanbaatar to Irkutsk, Soviet Union,
and Beijing. Total route length, 38,300 kilometers. Aeroflot
connected Ulaanbaatar to major world capitals.
Telecommunications: New radio relay lines planned; 13
AM, 1 FM radio station, 1 television station with 18 provinciallevel relays; 88,100 television sets; 207,000 radio receivers; at
least one satellite ground station.
Data as of June 1989