Mongabay.com seeks to raise interest in and appreciation of wild lands and wildlife, while examining the impact of emerging trends in climate, technology, economics, and finance on conservation and development (more)
Roads: Paved road network almost doubled between 1979
and 1985, to 22,397 kilometers. Also 7,800 kilometers of unpaved
secondary and feeder roads. In 1987 1,000 kilometer-long segment
of international express highway from Mediterranean to Persian
Gulf under construction.
Railroads: By 1985 2,029 kilometers of railroads, of
which 1,496 were standard gauge, rest meter gauge.
Ports: Basra was main port, together with newer port at
Umm Qasr. Oil terminals at Mina al Bakr, Khawr al Amayah, and Al
Faw, latter recaptured from Iran in 1988, and industrial port at
Khawr az Zubayr. War with Iraq damaged port facilities and
prevented use of most ports.
Pipelines: Local lines to Persian Gulf and new spur
line from Basra area to Saudi Arabia's Petroline (running from
Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia to Red Sea port of Yanbu), with
500,000 bpd capacity, completed in 1985 because Syria cut off use
of pipelines through Syria following outbreak of Iran-Iraq War.
Further parallel pipeline to Saudi Arabia with 400,000 bpd
capacity under construction in 1988. Pipeline from Baiji to
Baghdad and from Baghdad to Khanaqin; pipeline also between Baiji
and Turkish Mediterranean port of Dortyol opened in 1977 with
800,000 to 900,000 bpd capacity, expanded by 500,000 bpd capacity
in 1987. Small pipelines distributed refined products to major
Airports: International airports at Baghdad and Basra,
with new airport under construction at Baghdad. Also ninety-five
airfields, sixty-one with permanent-surface runways.
Data as of May 1988