Mongabay.com seeks to raise interest in and appreciation of wild lands and wildlife, while examining the impact of emerging trends in climate, technology, economics, and finance on conservation and development (more)
Size: Total land area 1,919,317 square
includes some 93,000 square kilometers of inland seas.
claimed, including an exclusive economic zone, 7.9 million
Topography: Archipelagic nation with 13,667
main islands (Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and
two major archipelagos (Nusa Tenggara and Maluku Islands),
sixty smaller archipelagos. Islands mountainous, with some
reaching 3,800 meters above sea level in western islands
high as 5,000 meters in Irian Jaya. Highest point Puncak
(5,039 meters), in Irian Jaya. Region tectonically
some 400 volcanoes, of which 100 are active.
Climate: Tropical, hot, humid; more moderate
highlands. Little variation in temperature because of
uniformly warm waters that are part of the archipelago. In
western Indonesia dry season June to September, rainy
December to March.
Data as of November 1992