Mongabay.com seeks to raise interest in and appreciation of wild lands and wildlife, while examining the impact of emerging trends in climate, technology, economics, and finance on conservation and development (more)
Size: Approximately 92,103 square kilometers.
Topography: Lies in the central Danube Basin.
foothills in the west; hilly region north of Budapest;
of the country to the east and south has a variety of
Highest point: Mount Kekes, 1,008 meters.
Climate: Continental and mild.
Population: Approximately 10.6 million in 1989;
annual growth rate, negative 0.2 percent.
Ethnic Groups: Magyars more than 95 percent of
population. Minorities include Gypsies, Germans, Jews,
Serbs, Slovenes, Croats, Romanians, and Greeks.
Language: Modern Hungarian spoken by all.
dialects used at home. Minorities bilingual.
Religion: Religious freedom guaranteed by
About 67.5 percent Roman Catholic, 20 percent Reformed
(Calvinist), 5 percent Lutheran, and 5 percent
Small numbers of other Protestant sects, Uniates,
Education: Free, compulsory education from ages
sixteen. About of half students get vocational and
training. About 10 percent of population aged eighteen to
twentytwo enrolled in regular daytime courses in higher
Welfare: Social insurance program includes free
care, unemployment compensation, and retirement benefits.
care good, with decline in infant mortality and incidence
communicable diseases. High proportion of elderly;
relative to wages.
Data as of September 1989