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The Habsburgs ruled autocratically on almost all
except taxation and relegated Hungary to the status of a
a factor that, together with other factors, stifled
development. After more than a century of stagnation, the
nobles, under increasing economic pressure and prompted by
nascent Hungarian nationalism, pressed for reform. The
of discontent climaxed in the March 1948 revolution.
troops quashed the rebellion, enabling Austrian emperor
Joseph to impose absolute control for almost two decades.
Data as of September 1989