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The conditions of economic and social inequality that defined
the basic cleavages within Salvadoran society also generated
strong political and ideological dynamics within and among groups
pressing either for change or for maintenance of the status quo.
Further insights into the nature of Salvadoran life, especially
during the 1970s and 1980s, may be obtained by considering the
following within that broader societal context: the impact of
governmental agrarian reform programs; the reaction of portions
of the general populace, particularly popular organizations and
guerrilla groups, to the political and economic climate; and the
positions and actions taken by the Roman Catholic Church and by
Protestant missionaries in these matters.
Data as of November 1988