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Bulgarian language resources

Bulgarian is spoken on a daily basis in: Bulgaria, Moldova, Ukraine Bulgarian--> --> --> -->

Additional background on Bulgarian

Bulgarian is an Indo-European language, a member of the Southern branch of the Slavic languages. Bulgarian demonstrates several linguistic innovations that set it apart from other Slavic languages, such as the elimination of noun declension, the development of a suffixed definite article (see Balkan linguistic union), the lack of a verb infinitive, and the retention and further development of the proto-Slavic verb system. There are various verb forms to express nonwitnessed, retold, and doubtful action.

Bulgarian is closely related to Macedonian, generally recognized as a distinct language, although the prevalent opinion in Bulgaria, to some extent in Greece, and that of certain international linguists is that Bulgarian and Macedonian are two standard forms of the same diasystem.

Bulgarian and Macedonian form part of the Balkan linguistic union, which also includes Greek, Romanian, Albanian and Serbian. Most of these languages share some of the above-mentioned characteristics (e.g., definite article, infinitive loss, complicated verb system) and many more. The "nonwitnessed action" verb forms, pertaining to a mood known as renarrative mood, have been attributed to Turkish influences by most Bulgarian linguists. Morphologically, they are related to the perfect tenses, which are known in Bulgarian linguistic tradition as "preliminary" (?????????????) tenses.


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All data is derived from UNESCO.


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